Pumpkin Anatomy

The pumpkin is made up of many different parts which gives us a perfect fruit once it has matured.


Stem – The stem is located on the very top of the pumpkin. Brown to brownish green in colour and slightly curved, the stem is attached to the vine and provides nutrients to grow the fruit, just like an umbilical cord.

Tendril – Tendrils are green, thin and hair-like. While the plant is growing, the tendrils twist around objects on the ground to help anchor the vine and protect it from the elements, like the wind.

Leaves – The leaves of the pumpkin absorb energy from the sun to allow the plant and fruit to grow.

The Lid – When you cut a pumpkin (for carving) around the stem to open it, this is known as the lid.

Pumpkin Shells – This refers to both the skin and the pulp of the fruit.

Skin – The external layer of the pumpkin is called the skin, or rind. This is a protective layer that keeps insects and disease out of the fruit.

Pulp – This is also known as the meat of the fruit which is used to cook with.

Ribs – The external shape of the pumpkin is made up of indented ridges running from top to bottom. These are called ribs.

Blossom End – When the fruit is young a flower blossom is at the end of the fruit. This is known as the blossom end, which becomes the bottom of the fruit. As the female flowers become pollinated a fruit develops and the flower dies off.

Fibrous Strands – Better known as brains, this part of the fruit consists of its fibrous strings and seeds.

Cavity – Once the fibrous strings and seeds are removed, you are left with the empty cavity of the fruit.

Seeds – These are located in the centre of the pumpkin and attached to the fibrous strings. The seeds can be separated, dried and eaten, or used for the next harvest.

Seed Coat –This is the outer layer of the seed which helps to protect the nut inside that will eventually grow into a pumpkin plant. This is also known as the seed jacket.

Nut – This is located inside of the seed. When a seed is planted the moisture and warmth triggers the nut to begin to grow into a new plant.

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